Lanfranc Cigala (c. 1235 – c. 1257) was a Genoese judge and later ambassador to Provence who composed Occitan cansos, sirventes, tensos, and crusading songs. Although politically active, Lanfranc authored few political poems, and he is best known for his love poetry, which is characterized by a hermetic style that intellectualizes the typically light genre, a high style well-regarded by the later dolce stil novo poets.
Francesco Branciforti, Il canzoniere di Lanfranco Cigala (Florence, 1954).
Miriam Cabré, “Italian and Catalan troubadours,” in The Troubadours: An Introduction. Cambridge: CUP, 1999, 127-140.
Flavio Catenazzi, L’influsso dei provenzali sui temi e immagini della poesia siculo-toscana (Brescia: Morcelliana, 1977).
Hans-Erich Keller, “Italian Troubadours,” in A Handbook of the Troubadours, eds. F.R.P. Akehurst and Judith M. Davis (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995), 295-304.